Apsley* church's location isn't very propitious, being right next to a busy main road and a sprawling Sainsbury's car park. However, the church has never been in a rural setting, as when it was built in 1871 the area was industrial and known as Two Waters and Nash Mills, the mills being chiefly dedicated to making paper. Just to the north is Frogmore Paper Mill, the world's oldest mechanised paper mill (1803). (Hertfordshire is also the home of the oldest English paper mill, at Sele Mill near Hertford (1488)). Basildon Bond stationery, the name of which anyone over about forty is bound to recognise, was made in Apsley; (the brand still exists but is made elsewhere).
The paper business was bought by John Dickinson in 1809, backed by George Longman (of the Longman publishing firm, which also still exists). In 1871 the latter's descendant Charles Longman, a senior partner in the mill, contributed a large sum towards the building of a new church partly to serve the needs of the workers, and partly as a memorial to his wife Anna Maria, who had died in 1860.
The architect was Joseph Clarke (1819/20-1888), who was the diocesan surveyor to Canterbury and Rochester (and that of St Albans from its foundation in 1877), and was consequently responsible for numerous churches and schools across the whole south east (and elsewhere). Surprisingly, Apsley is one of only two complete churches by him in Hertfordshire (the other is Holy Trinity in Bishop's Stortford), but he made additions to and restored a dozen or so, including Kimpton and St Ippolyts.
Clarke chose to build the tower in the Early English style (or 'First Pointed' as it was most likely known at the time), with simple lancet windows; it is placed, rather unusually, on the north of the chancel. The handsome shingled splay-footed spire** has lucarnes (small gabled windows) just above the eaves.
However, he chose early Decorated ('Second Pointed') for the exterior of the rest of the church, and he made a very convincing job of it.
For some reason - presumably the parish's ambitions outran its pockets - the church was not completed to Clarke's original plans. The south wall of the nave is of 'temporary' brick, and that of the chancel shows the keying which was intended to be the start of the east wall of a chapel which was never built. (It's notable that the building of a spire was prioritised over an aisle.)
There are some objects of interest in the church. The wrought iron chancel screen is very attractive; I don't know if it's part of the original furnishings.
The font (which is similar to that in Hucking, Kent, which Clarke restored in 1867-8) is of mottled brown marble, which stands out against the pale limestone of the other stonework of the interior.
The sedilia has three seats with elegant dividers. I didn't notice the altar rails when I was in the church, but looking at my photo now it seems that they have Art Nouveauish tendrils. The overall impression is that Clarke did an excellent job and paid meticulous attention to detail.
* The church sign and literature locate it in Apsley End. There is a place called Apsley End, but it's in Bedfordshire. The Ordnance Survey, Google maps, Bettley/Pevsner etc all call the place in question simply Apsley.
** The Statutory Listing calls it a 'chamfer spire', not a term I've come across before.
|The only other stained glass in the church: Lavers, Barraud & Westlake, 1880|
|The western bay of the nave has been partitioned off to make a meeting room|